Liberty, maternity, commodification

New Formations - ISSN 0950-2378
Volume 1988 Number 5

Liberty, maternity, commodification
Kaja Silverman pages -


Marking the centenary in 1986 of the Statue of Liberty, Silverman looks at the statue in terms of Baudrillard’s idea of ‘symbolic exchange’ and gifting, its appropriation as a powerful symbol in its own right, and its various inspirations and possible ‘authors’: Frederic Bartholdi, the sculptor who made it, Gustave Eiffel, who created the internal structure that allows visitors to go inside, the painters Delacroix and Daumier, and the writers Courbet and Hugo, the magazine proprietor Joseph Pulitzer, who helped to raise the funds to erect the statue, and Emma Lazarus, whose famous poem has become synonymous with it,. Silverman considers issues of female anatomy in relation to both sculpture and its internal structure, and questions surrounding who the model for Liberty was: Bartholdi’s mother, the more sexualised Liberty of the French Revolution, or a prostitute known to the sculptor?

SORRY - you are not registered as being permitted online access to the full text of this article

You have the following options:

  1. If you are viewing this via an institution or academic library you can ask that your institution takes out a Subscription to this journal.
  2. If you already have a Personal Subscription please login below

    Forgotten your username / password? Click here to locate

  3. Purchase an annual Personal Subscription
    PRINT + DIGITAL personal subscription (£45 / year)
    DIGITAL personal subscription (£30 / year)
    A Personal Subscription provides immediate access not only to the single article you are seeking, but also to all past and future articles in this journal up to the expiry of your annual (calendar year) subscription.
  4. Purchase immediate access to this single article (UK£7.00) - Buy article Coming Soon

To cite this article
Kaja Silverman (1988) Liberty, maternity, commodification, New Formations, 1988(5), -

Share this