Peter Kropotkin and Social Ecology: Between Biology and Revolution

Anarchist Studies - ISSN 2633-8270
Volume 31 Number 2 (2023)

Peter Kropotkin and Social Ecology: Between Biology and Revolution
Jelena H. Pantel, Selva Varengo, Federico Venturini pages 73-95
DOI: 10.3898/AS.31.2.04


Research or concepts in the biological field have often been used as a basis to root political projects of different orientations. In the libertarian literature, there have also been attempts to explore the link between the natural world and the possibility of freedom by combining discoveries in biological fields and research in philosophical/political fields. In the first part of our work, we analyse Peter Kropotkin’s thought, especially his theory of mutual aid, focusing on his proto-ecological concepts. This section also focuses on the Social Ecology of Murray Bookchin in the context of the evolution of life in the natural world. The concepts of cooperation, empathy and mutual aid are explored, and also revolution, federalism and egalitarian ethics. In the second part, we review these ideas and concepts, drawing on insights from recent discoveries in the study of ecology and evolutionary biology. We conclude our review by discussing how these natural principles can inform social projects and social organisation, identifying how mismatches between social and biological organisation have contributed to inequality and domination.

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To cite this article
Jelena H. Pantel, Selva Varengo, Federico Venturini (2023) Peter Kropotkin and Social Ecology: Between Biology and Revolution, Anarchist Studies, 31(2), 73-95.

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